Punchbowl Crater (Pūowaina in Hawaiian) is an extinct volcanic tuff cone during the Honolulu period of secondary volcanic activity between 75,000 to 100,000 years ago. The Hawaiian name, Puowaina, is loosely translated as 'Hill of Sacrifice' and Punchbowl Crater was used at one time for human sacrifice.
Kamehameha the Great installed two ceremonial cannons on the ridge of Punchbowl Crater to be fired on the arrival of visiting dignitaries. In the 1890s the site was suggested as a cemetery for the growing Honolulu population. This was rejected due to fears of water contamination and unease about having a 'City of the Dead' sitting overlooking the city of the living. After WWII pressure mounted for a cemetery for the war dead, and in 1949 the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific was dedicated.
The National Memorial Cemetery Of The Pacific & The Honolulu Memorial 2177 Puowaina Drive, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813
TRAVEL DIRECTIONS AND GETTING THERE
From Waikiki take Hwy 1 west and the the 61 (Pali) Hwy north and follow signs onto Auwaiolumi Street and then Puowaina Drive.