Lviv - FURTHER INFORMATION
Lviv - Lviv visitor guide showing a virtual tour of 'Lviv' linked to an interactive map with local and travel information. 360° panoramas from Lviv Oblast.
Lviv is an important cultural city in . It lies on the Roztochia Upland in the Lviv region, approximately 70 km from the Polish border and 160 km from the eastern Carpathian Mountains. The city as an intact historical center, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List and is overlooked by Vysokyi Zamok (High Castle), one of the main landmarks of Lviv.
Lviv was founded 1256 in Red Ruthenia by King Danylo Halytskyi and named 'Lev' after his son. The city changed hands several times during it's history, captured by the Kingdom of Poland in 1349 followed by the Austrian Empire (1772–1918) and the Second Polish Republic (1918–1939). On the advent of WWII and the invasion of Poland by the Germans, Lviv was incorporated into the Soviet Union and became part of the Ukrainian SSR. It was captured by the Germans and then finally the Soviets towards the end of the war. After the collapse of the USSR, Lviv remained within Ukraine and is the administrative center of Lviv Oblast (Lviv Province).
Lviv - Tourist AttractionsMany of the old, religious churches and monasteries within Lviv survived WWII and were closed during the Soviet era or put to other uses. Since the collapse of the USSR many have been refurbished and are once again used as active places of worship.
- Old Town of Lviv - the Historic center surrounded by many of the most important buildings and monuments and housing Lviv Market Square (Ploshcha Rynok) and Lviv City Hall.
- Lviv High Castle - site of historic castle on the highest point above Lviv. Little remains of the former castle, which is now incorporated into a park.
- Armenian Cathedral - fully called the Armenian Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, built in 1363 and restored after being closed during the Soviet era.
- Black House (Chorna Kamyanytsia) - Renaissance building on the Lviv Market Square built in in 1577 for Tomaso Alberti, an Italian tax-collector.
- Latin Cathedral - full name 'Archcathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary', 15th century cathedral refurbished in Baroque style in the 18th century.
- Dominican Cathedral - last of a line of churches built on the site since the 13th century. Built in the 18th century, used as a warehouse by the Soviets after WWII and turned into a 'Museum of Religion and Atheism' in the 1970's, the church building was handed to Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church after the collapse of the USSR. The monastery still serves as a Museum of Religion.
- Bernardine Monastery - 17th century church with Baroque decorations. Closed during the Soviet era, now renovated and managed by the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Basilian Order.
- St George Cathedral - built between 1744-1760 on a hill overlooking Lviv. Contains a massive statue of St George the Dragon-slayer and 17th century icon of Mary.
- Jesuit Church - Early 17th century church dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul with remains of 18th century frescoes by the Eckstein brothers from Brno
- Boim's Chapel - small chapel next to the Latin Cathedral made of black stone, built for the Boim family between 1609-15.
- Lychakivskiy Cemetery - famous cemetery established in 1787 but suffered badly with many monuments damaged during the Soviet era.
- Union of Lublin mound - artificial 29m high hill on the summit of Lviv High Castle, created in 1869-1890 for the 300th anniversary of the Union of Lublin
- Shevchenko Monument - Monument to Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko, a Ukrainian poet, artist and humanist credited with the foundation of modern Ukrainian literature and language.
- Lviv theater - producing Opera and Ballet
- Museum of Religion - occupies the Dominican monastery and established by the Russians in the 1970's as the Museum of Religions and Atheism.
- L'viv Art Gallery - founded in 1907 and housing over 50,000 art objects, it is the largest art museum and gallery in Ukraine.
- Lviv Historical Museum - housed in buildings dating back to the 16th century it contains some of the best historical artefacts and cultural relics in Ukraine.
- Lviv National Museum - founded in 1905 by Archbishop Andrey Sheptytsky and dedicated to Ukrainian culture. Housed in a Neo-Baroque villa with thousands of important items in the collection.
- Open Air Museum of Folk Architecture - 50 hectare open air museum with 120 monuments of folk architecture including six wooden churches.
Lviv - Alternative NamesLviv is at the meeting point of many different cultures and nations. It is often referred to by the following names which can cause confusion: Lavov, Lemberg, Lvov, Ljvov, Львов, Ľvov,Ļvova, Lvovas, Lwów.
TRAVEL DIRECTIONS AND GETTING THERE
Bus: International buses from Poland.
Car: Lviv is 540km west of Kiev and about 80km from the Polish border.
Flight: Lviv International Airport
Train: International trains from Poland.