Kiev - FURTHER INFORMATION
Kiev - Kiev visitor guide showing a virtual tour of 'Kiev' linked to an interactive map with local and travel information. 360° panoramas from Kiev.
Kiev (Киев) or Kyiv (Київ) is the capital and largest city in Ukraine. It is one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, thought to have been founded in the early 4th century. Built alongside the Dnipro (Dniepr) river, Kiev started as a small settlement in the 5th century, later becoming an outpost and then a hill fortress. By late 9th century Kiev became the central city of the emerging state formed by Eastern Slavic tribes. The city enjoyed a golden age of prosperity between the 10th and 13th centuries.
This good fortune did not last, however, and Kiev suffered several sieges and sackings. It was captured and burnt by Prince Rurik Rostislavich in 1203, Moscovite princes in the 1230's and destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Rus in the 1240. At that time, Kiev was one of the largest cities on earth. The city continued to change hands several times over the following centuries, eventually being absorbed into the Russian Empire. After the Russian industrial revolution, Kiev became an important trading city in the Russian Empire, Ukraine, rich in grain and sugar, served as the bread basket of the empire. After the collapse of the Soviet Union and 'Declaration of Independence of Ukraine' by the Ukrainian parliament in 1991, Kiev was established capital of independent Ukraine.
Kiev - Tourist AttractionsModern day Kiev is a bustling city full of architectural buildings, monuments and museums. Part of the city has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city also has plenty of night-life and entertainment for visitors. Among the top tourist attractions in Kiev are:
- Saint Sophia Cathedral (Собор Святої Софії - Sobor Sviatoyi Sofiyi) - The oldest church in Kiev dating, in part, from the 11th century and on the World Heritage List and one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.
- Kiev Pechersk Lavra (the Monastery of the Caves) - founded in 1015 and the center of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Eastern Europe, one of the Seven Wonders of Ukraine and a World Heritage Site.
- Theatres - Kiev has many theatres, concert and dance halls. Some of the more important ones are Kiev Opera House, Ivan Franko National Academic Drama Theatre, Lesya Ukrainka National Academic Theater of Russian Drama, the Kiev Puppet Theater, October Palace, National Philharmonic of Ukraine.
- St Michael's Golden-Domed Cathedral (Михайлівський золотоверхий монастир) - 18th century church demolished by the Russians and reconstructed by the Ukrainians in 1999.
- Mariinsky Palace - Imperial palace built between 1839 - 1844, now the seat of the Saint Petersburg Legislative Assembly.
- Golden Gate (Zoloti Vorota) - 20th century reconstruction of a city gate first built in the 11th century.
- House with Chimaeras (Будинок з химерами) - also known as Gorodetsky House, an Art Nouveau building designed in 1901–1902 by architect Vladislav Gorodetsky.
- Chernobyl' Museum (музей Чорнобиль) - memorial and museum to the greatest nuclear disaster of the 20th century.
- Motherland Statue and War memorials - memorial to the devastatinig destruction visited upon Kiev in WWII.
- Babiy Yar - site of the massacre of over 60,000 Jews, Gypsies, and other civilians during the Nazis occupation in World War II.
- Andrew's Descent (Andriyivskiy Uzviz, Андріївський узвіз) - windy road descending from St Andrew's Church lined with galleries, museums, souvenir shops and restaurants
TRAVEL DIRECTIONS AND GETTING THERE
Flight: Boryspil International Airport (KBP)
Train: Kyiv-Passazhyrskyi (Київ-Пасажирський) Station, located in the city center with international services to Austria, Belarus, Germany, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Slovakia.