Turin - FURTHER INFORMATION
Turin - Turin visitor guide showing a virtual tour of 'Turin' linked to an interactive map with local and travel information. 360° panoramas from Piedmont.
Known as 'Torino' in Italian, Turin is a major industrial city in northern Italy, home of Fiat and other major industries. Turin is famous for the Turin Shroud and has many other Baroque buildings, churches and museums. Located on the Po River and surrounded by the Alpine Arch, Turin is the capital of the Piedmont region.
Turin was founded by the Romans as a military camp and grew into a fortified town. Roman influence is still visible in the grid layout of the old town. After the Romans it was occupied by the Lombards and then the Franks of Charlemagne before becoming part of the Duchy of Savoy in the 13th century. In the 16th to 18th century it was at times occupied by France and then became the capital of the newly proclaimed United Italy in 1861.
Turin became industrialised in the 20th century and was heavily bombed by the Allies during WWII as a result. After the war, the region rapidly rebuilt, depending largely on the car industry for prosperity. It suffered badly during the 1980's when the automotive industry went into decline, but as recently entered a new era of prosperity, hosting the Winter Olympic Games in 2006.
Turin - Tourist AttractionsThis map shows virtual tours of some of the tourist attractions found in and around Turin. Among the most popular attractions in Turin are:
- Mole Antonelliana - synagogue built in 1888, with a 167.5m tower it is the tallest masonry building in Europe now housing one of the finest cinema museum of Europe.
- Duomo di San Giovanni (Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist) - 15th century cathedral and campanile, housing the Turin Shroud.
- Museo dell'Automobile - car museum with 170 vehicles ranging from 18th century carriages to modern Formula 1 racing cars.
- Museo Egizio (Egyptian Museum) - founded in 1824 by King Carlo Felice this museum contains the most important collection of Egyptian artefacts in the world outside Cairo.
- Palazzo Madama - former royal palace containing a mix of medieval and baroque rooms, medieval castle, a Roman gate, and several Renaissance additions. Museo Civico di Arte Antica (Civic Museum of Ancient Art) - housed in Palazzo Madama with collections from medieval and Renaissance periods with a vast collection of ceramics and some stunning paintings, including Antonello da Messina's Portrait of a ManBasilica di Superga - Baroque basilica on a hill above Turin containing the tombs of many from the House of Savoy and a museum to the Torino football club who lost many members here in a plane crash in 1949.Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporanea (GAM) - founded in 1863 this is one of the most important museums of modern art in Italy.Galleria Sabauda - important art gallery containing many fine paintings over several centuries.
- Parco del Valentino - most famous public park in Turin with in which are the Botanic Gardens and the 17th century Castello del Valentino.
- Museo Nazionale del Risorgimento (National Museum of the Risorgimento) - museum about the Risorgimento movement that helped unify Italy and former home to the first king of the unified Italy, Vittorio Emanuele II, and the seat of its first parliament, in 1861.
- Museo d'Arte Orientale (MAO - Museum of Oriental Art) - opened in 2008 it contains one of the most important asian art collections in Italy.
TRAVEL DIRECTIONS AND GETTING THERE
Flight: Turin International Airport
Train: Porta Nuova, Porta Susa and Lingotto FS.
Car: Turin is 140km west of Milan, 170km northwest of Genova and 110km east of Fourneaux in France.