Salem - FURTHER INFORMATION
Salem - Salem visitor guide showing a virtual tour of 'Salem' linked to an interactive map with local and travel information. 360° panoramas from Oregon.
Salem is the capital city of the state of Oregon in the USA. The region was originally inhabited by Kalapuya Indians who called the region 'Chemeketa' (meeting or resting place). The first Europeans began arriving in 1812 and the first permanent American settlement here was the Jason Lee Methodist mission, built in 1840. The new township was called Salem in the 1850's which is Semitic for 'Peace' (Arabic salam (سَلاَمٌ) and Hebrew shalom (שָׁלוֹם)).
As the capital of Oregon, the biggest employer in Salem is the government. Salem lies on the I-5 about an hour from Portland. Recent moves have been made to attract high-tech and computer industries.
Salem - Tourist AttractionsWhile Salem is not a major tourist destination, for those visiting there are numerous attractions and events worth seeing. Among the top tourist attractions in and around Salem are:
- A.C. Gilbert's Discovery Village - museum of discovery especially designed with children in mind with many hands-on exhibits.
- Bush House Museum - housed in Bush House, built by American newspaper publisher Asahel Bush between 1877-78 and containing the original furnishings.
- Bush's Pasture Park - 90.5 acres of public park with a botanical garden, run as part of the Bush House Museum.
- Enchanted Forest Theme Park - amusement park with various rides and attractions for all ages.
- Hallie Ford Museum of Art - art museum featuring Native American art, American and European paintings, sculptures and prints in 6 galleries with some changing exhibitions.
- Mission Mill Museum - housed in the Thomas Kay Woolen Mill built in 1890 with displays around the wool industry.
- Willamette River - flowing through Salem on the way through the Willamette Valley.
- Prewitt–Allen Archaeological Museum - founded in the 1950s in Corban University, this museum contains artefacts and replicas of Eastern Mediterranean origin.
- Salem First United Methodist Church - built in 1841, it is one of the oldest and tallest buildings in Salem.
- Capitol Center - early skyscraper in the center of Salem which was completed in 1927.
- Cascades Gateway Park - 101 acre urban park which contains the Walter Wirth Lake, various sports facilities and a golf course.
- Marion Street Bridge - built over the Willamette River for Oregon Route 22 traffic in 1952-4 and was, at that time, the longest bridge of its type west of the Mississippi River.
- Vineyards - there are various wineries and vineyards scattered around Salem which are open to the public for tasting, often with good quality restaurants.