Photo By Peter Watts
Palatine Hill

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Panorama overlooking the Roman Forum. The picture was taken from the Palatine Hill, which I think is one of the best places from which to take in the whole of the Roman Forum in one go. Situated about half way along the Roman Forum opposite the Temple of Romulus it gives a clear view along the whole length. Tickets to the Palatine Hill also cover entrance to the Colosseum.


Palatine Hill - Rome visitor guide showing a virtual tour of 'Palatine Hill' linked to an interactive map with local and travel information. 360° panoramas from Roma.

Panorama from the Palatine Hill overlooking the Roman Forum (Forum Romanum or Forum Magnum) in Rome. The Palatine Hill is central to the history of Rome for according to legend it was here that Rove began. The myth is that two twins Rolulus and Remus, were thrown from a bridge into the River Tiber by their uncle. They were washed up onto the banks of the Palatine Hill and adopted by a she-wolf, from whom they suckled as they grew up in a cave in the hill. They were later found and raised by a shepherd who was grazing sheep on the same hill as the wolf's den. As adults, Remus and Romulus argued over where their city should be founded and Romulus won, killed his brother, and started Rome on the Palatine Hill.

The earliest archaeological findings on the Palatine Hill are Iron Age huts from the 9C BC. The hill has grown over time with one layer of buildings built upon the remains of the ones below. Eventually the Palatine hill mound stood about 40m above the Roman Forum and became a very desirable place to live with several Roman Emperors having palaces up here. The ruins of a number of these palaces and Roman buildings on the Palatine Hill have been excavated. These include the Domus of Augustus, who was born here and lived in quite a modest home. The same can not be said for the palaces built by Caligula, Tiberius, Nero and Domitian, who also built a stadium on the hill. The most excavated areas on the hill include the Domus Augustana, Domus Flavia (home of Flavia, wife of Augustus), parts of Domitian's Palace and the palace and baths of Septimius Severus.

This panoramic photograph shows a view of the Roman Forum from the Palatine Hill. Much of the forum is visible from here. Looking directly over the roof in the foreground to the far west of the Forum are the last few remaining columns of the Temple of Saturn. Moving eastwards along the Sacra Via is the Arch of Septimius Severus which stands next to the church of [4066,SS Luca e Martina]] (the domed building to the right of th Arch) and the Curia. Besides the Curia are the ruins of the Basilica Aemilia, and the next complete building fronted by a series of columns is the church of S Lorenzo in Miranda (formerly the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina). Beside this is the round Temple of Romulus. The three large arches belong to the ruins of the Basilica of Maxentius, and the tower behind this is of the church of S Francesca Romana (also known as S Maria Nova). To the right of this church is the Arch of Titus and behind it is the Colosseum.

Just visible in the foreground of the picture, directly below this viewing area and in front of the Temple of Romulus, is the House of the Vestials. To the left of this are the three remaining columns of the Temple of Divine Julius. The Julia Basilica is hidden behind the roof. On the skyline to the west you can the Tabularium (beneath which is the infamous Mamertine Prison) with a distinct tower on the Capitoline Hill, and behind this the white outline of the Monument a Vittorio Emanuele II.


Metro: Cavour (B), Colosseo (B).

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