Lisbon - FURTHER INFORMATION
Lisbon - Lisbon visitor guide showing a virtual tour of 'Lisbon' linked to an interactive map with local and travel information. 360° panoramas from Distrito Lisboa.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the the capital city of Portugal. The city lies at the mouth of the Tagus River facing the Atlantic Ocean and is a popular tourist destination in Europe. The region shows human occupation since Neolithic times with evidence of Phoenician occupation from around 1200 BC. During Greek times the city was known as 'Olissipo'. It was captured by the Romans, made a municipium by Julius Caesar who called it 'Felicitas Julia'.
Lisbon prospered and remain under Roman rule and continued to flourish after the Moors captured it in 711, calling it 'al-ʾIšbūnah' (الأشبونة). Evidence of Moorish influence can still be seen in some of the buildings. The Moors were forced out in 1147 and Lisbon became part of Portugal.
Lisbon played a crucial role during the Age of Discovery in the Middle Ages with many voyages leaving Lisbon during the 15th to 17th centuries. One of the most important voyages was that of Vasco da Gama for India in 1497. During this time Lisbon and Portugal became an important international power which led to conflict with Spain and other maritime nations of the era. Some of the most important attractions in Lisbon commemorate this age of expansion and wealth.
Lisbon (Lisboa) - Tourist AttractionsThis map shows virtual tours of some of the popular tourist attractions in Lisbon. Lisbon is rich in Romanesque, Gothic, Manueline, Baroque and Traditional Portuguese architecture. The city was badly damaged during the devastating 1755 Lisbon Earthquake, but soon recovered. Some of the most popular and important attractions in Lisbon include:
- Amoreiras Shopping Center - with 350 shops covering 86,000m² this is one of the largest shopping complexes in Europe.
- Torre de Belém (Belém Tower) - the most famous building in Lisbon, dating from the 15th century built as a lighthouse and fortress.
- Padrao dos Descobrimentos (Monument to the Discoveries) - impressive monument erected in 1960 on the 500th anniversary of the death of Henry the Navigator.
- Bairro Alto - popular district in Lisbon laid out in the 16th century full of chique shops, restaurants and bars.
- Igreja de Sao Roque - 16th century Jesuit church built on the site of a Manueline Rochus chapel.
- Baixa - considered the heart of modern Lisbon, this district was extensively rebuilt after the 1755 earthquake.
- Carmo Lift (Elevador do Carmo) - dramatic 32m high lift with Neo Gothic tower which opened in 1901.
- Igreja do Carmo - ruined remains of a Gothic church destroyed during the earthquake.
- Praça do Comércio - laid out in the 18th century and considered one of the most beautiful parks in Lisbon. St George's Castle (Castelo de Sao Jorge) - remains of a castle on a site used for fortifications since the Iron Age in a park with stunning views over Lisbon.
- Convento da Madre de Deus - covenant founded by Queen Leonor in 1509 containing important works of art.
- Gulbenkian Museum (Museu Calouste Gulbenkian) - collection of art belonging to Gulbenkian with 6,000 exhibits from all over the world and a growing collection of modern Portuguese art.
- Igreja de Santa Engrácia - church which was started in 1682 and not completed until 1966.
- Igreja de Sao Vicente de Fora - 16th and 17th century church decorated with white marble.
- Praça de Dom Pedro IV - known also as Rossio this is one of the most important squares in Lisbon.
- Basilica da Estrela (Star Basilica) - late Baroque 18th century church built on the orders of Queen Maria I lined with lined with pink, white and gray marble. Ermida de Sao Jerónimo - monolithic Manueline style chapel built in 1514 with an unusual view of the Torre de Belém and Atlantic Ocean.
- Mosteiro dos Jerónimos (Hieronymite Convent) - UNESCO World Heritage site dating back to the 15th century containing the Igreja de Santa Maria.
- Cristo Rei - impressive statue on the south bank of the Tagus in Almada with stunning panoramic views over Lisbon.
TRAVEL DIRECTIONS AND GETTING THERE
Flight: Aeroporto da Portela and then Aerobus, bus or taxi to Lisbon city center.
Train: Santa Apolónia Station and Gare do Oriente Station