This small country is located in Central Europe and border Austria, Croatia, Hungary and Italy. It also has a small (46km) of coastline bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the Gulf of Venice. Slovenia is home to about 2 million people. It has a Mediterranean climate on the coast, while the internal plateaus and valleys to the east experience a continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters.
The capital of Slovenia is Ljubljana, situated in the middle of the country.
Slovenia was part of the Holy Roman Empire and Austria until 1918 when the Slovene people joined the Croats and Serbs in forming a new state which was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. Slovenia subsequently became a republic after World War II, though still remained within Yugoslavia. In 1991 it became and independent state following the collapse of the Yugoslavian Federation after a short 10 day war.
Slovenia has become a modern state with a stable democracy and has joined both NATO and the European Union in 2004.
Members of the European Union and the EEA are entitled to cheap healthcare insurance using the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) when traveling in Slovenia.